Million 2021



Billion 2021

GDP Growth

2.4 %





country brief


Country Context &

Mozambique is a large coastal country in Southern Africa. It borders Tanzania and Malawi to the North, Zambia to North West, Zimbabwe to the West, South Africa and Eswatini to the South. The country is very strategically located for trade, with a coastline of over 3,000 kms that serves three distinct geographical zones, four land-linked neighbour countries (Malawi, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and Botswana), as well as South Africa, and no fewer than 37 border posts. Mozambique possesses three major ports (Maputo, Beira and Nacala), as part of separate road or rail corridors connecting the country with markets serving over 90m people across the region.

Mozambique acceded to the World Customs Organisation revised Kyoto Convention on simplification and harmonisation of customs procedures in 2012. It ratified the WTO’s Trade Facilitation Agreement in January 2017 and has made modest progress in its World Bank Ease of Doing Business ranking, moving three places up to 135. Its Trading Across Borders ranking is 91, significantly better than the EAC average of 142.

However, Mozambique is missing out on major opportunities for growth and development. Its infrastructure must be upgraded, its trade costs must be reduced, and it must reform more responsively to the needs of business. These factors are potentially drivers of national economic regeneration and will help reposition Mozambique as a footprint country for trade with its neighbours.

Innovation in TMA Strategy 2

TradeMark Africa (TMA) Mozambique Programme purposes to support the country to unlock economic growth through reforms in trade infrastructure and processes.

A key objective of the Programme is to improve application of quality standards and Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) measures to support exports. This intervention will encompass two components namely:

  1. i) Strengthening the Quality and Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) governance frameworks for traded goods and
  2. ii) Digitalising and integrating the current paper-based system for issuing SPS licenses and certificates into the Single Electronic Window (SEW) System.

TMA has the drive to deliver a successful programme, which will grow organically out of its good reputation and track record in Mozambique’s neighbour Tanzania, and its successes in trade facilitation right across the East African Community (EAC). The program will complement the ongoing interventions in Mozambique to maximize the potential of Beira and Nacala Corridors. The outcomes of which will contribute to increased exports, new jobs and poverty reduction.


Improving application of quality standards and SPS measures to support exports


InterventionTarget outcome
Strengthening Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) governance frameworks for traded goodsTo enhance Mozambique’s SPS institutional and regulatory environment to address food safety and plant health trade challenges in the horticultural sector
Capacity Building among Mozambique horticulture SMEs to comply with Standards and SPS requirements in regional and international markets with a pilot project in Manica Province
To enhance public private sector business models to undertake SPS surveillance and testing to address fruit fly in horticulture exports with a pilot intervention in Manica Province.

Improved and more transparent trade processes and systems


InterventionTarget outcome
Digitalisation of MADER Export and Import ProcessesTo improve the coordination between the MADER and other key Trade Actors
To enhance the ICT capacity of MADER to link with the SEW system