Population (Millions)



GDP (Billion)



GDP Growth

2.0 %





country brief


Country Context &

Over the past decade, Tanzania maintained annual real GDP growth rate averaging 6-7%. In 2017, the economy attained a 6.8% GDP growth, driven by growth in services sector (specifically construction, professional services, and transport and storage) and manufacturing. In particular, transport and storage grew by 6.7 percent in 2017, following improved efficiency at Dar es Salaam and Tanga ports, and increase in transit cargo (by 19.5%). Other activities with high growth rates include; arts and entertainment (9.9%), health services (7.6%), education (7.3%), ICT (6.2%), and trade and repair (6.1%). Despite its low growth rate of 5.9 percent, agriculture remains a core sector in the economy, employing 66.3 percent of the population, while accounting for 20 percent of export earnings.

With a population of 52.5 million people in 2017, per capita income stands at US$ 1,044, which is a 8.9 percent increase from 2016 (US$ 958). The current account deficit increased, following increased imports, especially of transport equipment, building and construction materials, industrial raw materials, and petroleum products for large public investment projects, such as the Standard Gauge Railway (SGR). The reported GDP growth rate is expected to sustain in 2018 and 2019, following increased implementation of various earmarked infrastructure projects (water, energy, rail, road, airport), together with increased production of minerals and natural resources (diamond, natural gas, and coal), and enhanced performance in the agriculture sector.

Despite these positive rates, several challenges bedevil growth, posing significant risks to the attainment of the country’s objective of industrializing and becoming a middle-income economy by 2025. Some of these challenges include; slow pace towards inclusive growth, infrastructure bottlenecks (especially in transport and energy sectors), growing private sector concerns about economic policy uncertainty, and vulnerability to climate change.

The FYDP II pronounced objective of leveraging Tanzania’s geographical advantage to become a transport and trade hub in East and Central Africa. The port of Dar es Salaam is arguably Tanzania’s most important infrastructure asset. Future growth of the economy depends on the port’s ability to improve, to become more efficient and to be able to handle more trade. Despite the remarkable progress and economic opportunities, the country is still economically dependent on agriculture, which employs most people and especially women. Continued progress will rely on deliberate efforts to tap into natural resources, increase tourism revenue and exploit the potential for exporting value-added agricultural products.

Innovation in TMA Strategy 2

The programme will continue to support increase in trade, as a model to drive economic transformation and achieve sustainable and inclusive prosperity in Tanzania. There will be continued investment to increase the efficiency and productivity of the Dar es Salaam Port, Central Corridor and border posts and developing agriculture-related economic growth along the Dar/SAGCOT corridor to Zambia. Also, the programme will improve standards, leveraging ICT for trade, support advocacy for trade policy, and removing NTBs.

TMA will focus on inclusiveness by ensuring that women, the poor and small businesses are increasingly involved in the local, regional and international trade. Cross-border trade interventions will focus on increasing access to information and simplifying trade information and procedures that enable small cross-border business to get started.

The strategy provides guidance on the institutional and policy reforms necessary to execute the Vision 2025 and its implementation strategies (notably the FYDP II) and deliver on its goals and can thus play a central role in facilitating economic transformation, industrialisation and human development in Tanzania and propelling the country towards middle-income status by 2025.

TMA strategy 2 aligns well with the FYDP II priority areas of; (i) fostering economic growth and industrialisation; (ii) fostering human development and social transformation; (iii) improving the environment for business and enterprise development; and (iv) strengthening implementation effectiveness. The FYDP II highlights a number of flagship projects and interventions, most of which align with TMA Strategy 2. These projects include; skills development and development of the Central, North-West and Mtwara Development Corridors, as well as enhancing trade for growth. TMA Strategy 2 envisages an important role for the private sector, PPD, and conducive policy and regulatory environment for trade, as an engine of growth.


Improved efficiency and capacity of transport and logistics networks


Dar Port ProgrammeIncreased handling capacity of the Port; Increased efficiency at the Port; Improved access to Port via local roads; Improved capacity for programmes management
Kigoma Port/ Lake Tanganyika Border CrossingsIncreased handling capacity of the Port; Increased operational efficiency in lake and navigation safety services; Reduced environmental degradation
Improvement of border crossings and one One-Stop Inspection Stations (OSIS) on Dar corridorBorder agencies improve the efficiency of cross border processing; Reduced transit time along central and Dar corridor

Improved standards and NTBs


Quality StandardsTanzania Bureau of Standards (TBS) improves the efficiency and effectiveness in regulating and enforcing standards; Improved trading standards for agricultural goods
Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) and Sanitary and Phytol-Sanitary (SPS)Increase in the total number of products standards technically harmonised.
Elimination of NTBsIncreased efficiency in implementation of national and regional NTBS mechanism

Improved and more transparent trade processes and systems


Single Window Information for Trade (SWIFT) / ICT for tradeImproved efficiency in the application and issuance of trade permits and licenses by targeted government trade agencies; Improved compliance to trade regulations at specified sector level by the trade fraternity
Dar and Central Corridor Transport Observatory ProjectIncreased efficiency and effectiveness of corridor performance monitoring
Trade Business Intelligence SolutionsEnhanced access to quality trade data
Regional Electronic Cargo Tracking SystemsCargo Tracking Systems enhanced and interconnected to support SCT

Improved regulatory environment for trade


Trade Policy and WTO Bali TF AgreementCompliance to WTO TF measures by Tanzania is enhanced; Enhanced trade policy environment
Implementing the Common Market Protocol/regional integration agendaImproved capacity to coordinate the implementation of EAC Commitments


Better private sector-led advocacy for trade


Public-Private Dialogue (PPD) dialogue frameworksEnhanced evidence-based PSO/CSO advocacy

Increased efficiency in private sector logistic service


Development of Transport Logistics in CB areas- Cross-Border Market at Tunduma/ KigomaIncreased Local trade in the Tunduma/Kigoma regions
Logistics Hub in the SAGCOT CorridorIncreased market access along the SAGCOT corridor

Increased export capacity of East African businesses


Export Growth for Export-ready BusinessesExport revenue at firm level on TMA-supported interventions; Level of value addition at the SME level; Access to new markets of TMA-supported SMEs

Greater inclusion of women and small businesses in trade


Capacity Building for Women Traders and producersIncreased number of women exporters and cross border traders trading formally through the selected borders
Elibariki Shammy

Elibariki Shammy

Country Director

A seasoned trade professional and dynamic team leader with a proven track record in the development sector, currently serves as the Country Director for TradeMark Africa (TMA) in Tanzania. He boasts over over a decade of experience, having played a crucial role in various donor-funded programmes, demonstrating expertise in engagements with technical and high-level stakeholders in the East African region. He has also led varied teams in multiple trade facilitation programmes in the region.

Previously, he served as Chief of Party (COP) at TetraTech, a U.S.-based company, where he successfully led the USAID Feed the Future Tanzania Private Sector Strengthening Activity (PSSA). Before joining TetraTech, Elibariki was a Senior Programme Manager at TMA, where he managed various programmes. He also previously served as Programme Manager for Business Competitiveness, overseeing private sector initiatives at TMA.

Elibariki’s expertise extends to his previous role as the National Coordinator of Non-Tariff Barriers (NTBs) at the Tanzania Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture (TCCIA), a position funded by TradeMark Africa. Earlier in his career, Elibariki worked as a Trade Officer at the Ministry of Industry and Trade and served as an Assistant Lecturer at the Institute of Finance Management (IFM).

He holds the Master of International Trade degree from the University of Dar es Salaam as well as a degree in Business Administration. He has also attended international-level trainings in leadership and project management.


Phone:+255699960415 ext 804